More than four million Palestinian refugees live in protracted exile across the Middle East. Taking a regional approach to Palestinian refugee exile and alienation across the Levant, this book proposes a new understanding of the spatial and political dimensions of refugee camps across the Middle East. Combining critical scholarship with ethnographic insight, the essays uncover host states’ marginalisation of stateless refugees and shed light on new terminology on refugees, migration and diaspora studies. The impact on the refugee community is detailed in novel studies of refugee identity, memory and practice and new legal approaches to compensation and "right of return". The book opens a critical debate on key concepts and proposes a new understanding of the spatial and political dimensions of refugee camps, better understood as laboratories of Palestinian society and "state-in-making". This strong collection of original essays is an essential resource for scholars and students in refugee studies, forced migration, disaster studies, legal anthropology, urban studies, international law and Middle East history.
Echoes of Empire
How does our colonial past echo through today's global politics? How have former empire-builders sought vindication or atonement, and formerly colonized states reversal or retribution? This groundbreaking book presents a panoramic view of attitudes to empires past and present, seen not only through the hard politics of international power structures but also through the nuances of memory, historiography and national and minority cultural identities. Bringing together leading historians, political scientists and international relations scholars from across the globe, "Echoes of Empire" emphasizes Europe's colonial legacy while also highlighting the importance of non-European power centres - Ottoman, Russian, Chinese, Japanese - in shaping world politics, then and now. "Echoes of Empire" bridges the divide between disciplines to trace the global routes travelled by objects, ideas and people, and forms a radically different notion of the term 'empire' itself. This will be an essential companion to courses on international relations and imperial history as well as a fascinating read for anyone interested in Western hegemony, North-South relations, global power shifts and the longue duree in world politics.
International Terrorism and World Security
This book examines violence in international affairs. Originally published in 1975, the two types of violence which the book focusses on are nuclear deterrence and international terrorism. The broader perspective in which the ISODARCO discussions took place was the recognition of the need for a new kind of world order and the international contributors reflect a wide variety of ideological perspectives.
Writing the Modern History of Iraq
The modern history of Iraq is punctuated by a series of successive and radical ruptures (coups d'etat, changes of regime, military adventures and foreign invasions) whose chronological markers are relatively easy to identify. Although researchers cannot ignore these ruptures, they should also be encouraged to establish links between the moments when the breaks occur and the longue durée, in order to gain a better understanding of the period. Combining a variety of different disciplinary and methodological perspectives, this collection of essays seeks to establish some new markers which will open fresh perspectives on the history of Iraq in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and suggest a narrative that fits into new paradigms. The book covers the various different periods of the modern state (the British occupation and mandate, the monarchy, the first revolutions and the decades of Ba'thist rule) through the lens of significant groups in Iraq society, including artists, film-makers, political and opposition groups, members of ethnic and religious groups, and tribes. Contents:Introduction (Riccardo Bocco and Jordi Tejel)Dealing with the Past: Methodological Issues (Peter Sluglett):Advice from the Past: 'Ali al-Wardi on Literature and Society (Orit Bashkin)Writing the History of Iraq: The Fallacy of “Objective” History (Johan Franzén)The Sectarian Master Narrative in Iraqi Historiography (Reidar Visser)Beyond Political Ruptures: Towards a Historiography of Social Continuity in Iraq (Peter Harling)The Monarchist Era Revisited (Jordi Tejel):What Did It Mean to Be an Iraqi During the Monarchy? (Hala Fattah)From Forty-One to Qadisiyyat Saddam: Remarks on an Iraqi Realm of Memory (Peter Wien)Building the Nation Through the Production of Difference (Sara Pursley)Rethinking the Ba'thist Period (Hamit Bozarslan):Digging the Past: The Historiography of Archeology in Modern Iraq (Magnus T Bernhardsson)Totalitarianism Revisited: Framing the History of Ba'thist Iraq (Achim Rohde)How to “Turn the Page” (Fanny Lafourcade)Dealing with Victimhood: Whose Memories of Mass Violence? Between Oral and Official History:Fragmented Memory, Competing Narratives (Karin Mlodoch)The Concept of Genocide as Part of Knowledge Production in Iraqi Kurdistan (Andrea Fischer-Tahir)The 1991 Intifada in Three Keys: Writing the History of Violence (Dina Rizk Khoury)'Qadisiyat Saddam': The Gamble That Did Not Pay Off (Chérine Chams El Dine)Shi'i Actors in Post-Saddam Iraq: Partisan Historiography (Peter Sluglett):Partisan and Global Identity in the Historiography of Iraqi Religious Institutions (Robert J Riggs)Najaf and the (Re)Birth of Arab Shi'i Political Thought (Michaelle Browers)Between Action and Symbols (Elvire Corboz)The Politics of Population Movements in Contemporary Iraq: A Research Agenda (Géraldine Chatelard):The Brain Drain in Iraq After the 2003 Invasion (Joseph Sassoon)Cosmopolitanism and Iraqi Migration (Diane Duclos)Representing Iraq History Through the Arts (Hamit Bozarslan):Literary Glimpses of Modern Iraqi History and Society (Sami Zubaida)History and Fiction in the New Iraqi Cinema (Lucia Sorbera)War, Crimes and Video Tapes: Conflicting Memories in Films on Iraq (Nicolas Masson)Poetry in the Service of Nation Building? Political Commitment and Self-Assertion (Leslie Tramontini)Not Just “For Art's Sake”: Exhibiting Iraqi Art in the West After 2003 (Silvia Naef)Appendix: State of the Art on Iraqi Studies: A Bibliographical Survey of English and French Sources (Hamit Bozarslan and Jordi Tejel) Readership: Professionals, students & scholars interested in historical, social & political issues in Iraq & the Middle East. Keywords:Iraq;US Invasion;Ba'th Party;De-Ba'thification;Kurds;Shiis;SunnisKey Features:Most existing publications on Iraqi history present a succession of tragic events which would lead the reader to assume a sort of fatality in the country's evolution towards the present situationDue to deeper observation and analysis (between the local, the regional and the global; between internal and external), the authors offer, in contrast, new grids of analysis on Iraqi history rejecting a primordialist approach that establishes ethnic and sectarian borders as the self-evident reasons of the present situationContributors to this book are well-established researchers in their field
Village Steppe and State
The contributors to this text on the origins of modern Jordan have based their approach on original fieldwork and archives in Jordan, rather than on foreign archives, and avoid viewing the Jordanian state in the context of British imperial policy and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Palestinian Civil Society
Palestinian Civil Society examines the development of civil society in the Arab Middle East and the impact of western donors, with particular reference to the Palestinian case. Looking at the evolution of Palestinian civil society organizations from sociological, historical, legal, and institutional perspectives, the book sheds light on the involvement of donors in Palestine, and the effect that aid has had on Palestinian civil society at a social, political and ideological level. Drawing on Arabic texts, political theory and a detailed survey of donors and local organizations, this book challenges culturalist views that there cannot be a ‘vibrant civil society’ in the Arab world and examines the issues of depoliticization of civil society, the rise of the Islamist sector, and the gradual defeat of the left in the Occupied Territories. The author looks at how the interaction between donors and NGOs is not only centred on a western model of civil society, but also evolves around institutional mechanisms and disciplinary discourses, affecting the ability of local NGOs to adapt to the institutional requirements set by international donors. Accessible to non-specialists, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, Middle Eastern studies and development studies.
Treaty Politics and the Rise of Executive Agreements
“Krutz and Peake’s book . . . puts another stake in the heart of the ‘imperial presidency’ argument.” —Lisa L. Martin, University of Wisconsin–Madison, American Review of Politics “Krutz and Peake reach their conclusions as a result of carefully crafted examination that might be cited as a model of political analysis of this sort . . . As [they] introduce each chapter with a summary of the argument as developed and supported to that point, the reader can enter into and understand their discussion and argument at virtually any point in the book. In sum, Treaty Politics and the Rise of Executive Agreements is a clearly written and important book that adds substantially to the existing literature on the presidency and on presidential-congressional relations.” —Roger E. Kanet, University of Miami, International Studies Review “One can only hope that this fine and challenging book starts an argument, or at least a dialogue, about presidential power in a post-Bush era. It merits the attention of presidency and congressional scholars, and those interested in the interaction of America’s political institutions.” —Michael A. Genovese, Loyola Marymount University, Journal of Politics
Western Imperialism in the Middle East 1914 1958
The term 'Fertile Crescent' is commonly used as shorthand for the group of territories extending around the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Here it is assumed to consist of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Palestine. Much has been written on the history of these countries which were taken from the Ottoman empire after 1918 and became Mandates under the League of Nations. For the most part the histories of these countries have been handled either individually or as part of the history of Britain or France. In the first instance the emphasis has normally been on the development of nationalism and local resistance to alien control in a particular territory, leading to the modern successor state. In the second most studies have concentrated separately on how either France or Britain handled the great problems they inherited, seldom comparing their strategies. The aim of this book is to see the region as a whole and from both the European and indigenous points of view. The central argument is that the mandate system failed in its stated purpose of establishing stable democratic states out of what had been provinces or parts of provinces within the Ottoman empire. Rather it generated basically unstable polities and, in the special case of Palestine, one totally unresolved, and possibly unsolvable, conflict. The result was to leave the Middle East as perhaps the most volatile part of the world in the later twentieth century and beyond. The main purpose of the book is to examine why this was so.
Shi ism resistance and revolution
Martin S. Kramer A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Shi ism resistance and revolution Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Canadians Under Fire
In Canadians Under Fire Robert Engen explores the dynamics of what combat looked like to Canada's infantrymen during the Second World War. Analyzing unexamined battle experience questionnaires from over 150 Canadian infantry officers, Engen argues for a reassessment of the tactical behaviour of Canadian soldiers in the Second World War. The evidence also shows that Marshall's theory of non-participation in combat by Allied forces is demonstrably false: Canadian soldiers took a continued and aggressive part in the fighting.